Canada is located at the north end of the American continent. Its place ranges from the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the western side, and also to the north to the Arctic Ocean. It takes up almost half of the North American territory as it is the 2nd largest country after Russia. It borders in the United States to the south, and also to the northwest with its federal state Alaska.
It is said that the area was first occupied by Inuits. At an archaeological level, there is evidence that the very first people who first came to Canada, did so through traversing a land bridge which had formed between Asia and Alaska over the last Ice Age about 40,000 years ago (More on: canadian visa ).
History demonstrates that the very first European contact the nation got was performed because of the exploration made by the Italian John Cabot, who had been sailing after the orders of King Henry VII of England. In 1497, Cabot went in to the eastern Canadian coast and also claimed it for the King. This trip, in conjunction with the succeeding one in 1498, gave England the right to discover a large number of the eastern part of ??North America; in fact, they consequently acquired Newfoundland, Cape Breton and nearby regions in line with the exploits of Cabot.
In 1534, the French explorer, Jacques Cartier, was assigned by King Francisco to have a journey in search of the Northwest Passage. The idea of ??the king was to find riches such as those they had located in Inca and Aztec territory, that is to say, they were focused on searching for gold more than anything else, however Cartier just seen “stones and a few horrible and steep rocks” according to what he stated in the diary.
Cartier carried on discovering and landed on the Gaspé Peninsula (Quebec), whose land he acquired for France. French individuals loved their luxurious monopoly for a few decades, but in 1670 British came out with the aim of forging a monopoly of the fur trade, that led to a legal discussion among those who had on their side the discussions on land possession. Nevertheless, the balance leaned towardsBritain and also France ceded Canada to the English Crown through theTreaty of Paris in 1763.
After that, the Government handed down the Constitutional Law of 1791 that separated the place directly into two British colonies called Upper Canada (currently the southern part of Ontario) and Lower Canada (presently the southern area of Quebec). Lower Canada retained French civil laws, however the two provinces were ruled by the British penal code. Each and every place had its assigned leader and was able to select its cabinet or even executive council.
Troubles elevated since the authorities and its council were English but led a generally French assembly, which generated political tension and also rebellions. The ideas of union soon appeared however it wasn’t until 1840 that they were brought up as law. Both colonies soon joined in the state of Canada, ruled by the completely new Parliament of Canada as the only legislative body.
Finally, it acquired its self-government in 1867 as well as its autonomy in 1931, continuing to be a Commonwealth kingdom. And, Newfoundland, which was right up until then a domain of the United Kingdom, joined Canada in 1949.
More on: kanada wiza